All About Weather Stations

Everything you need to know about weather stations. Photo of rainbow over a field

The Beginning of predicting the weather

The weather, primarily observing and predicting the weather, has had great importance in our lives, and for quite some time. Since 650 BC, farmers, and sailors had gathered a vast amount of knowledge on clouds and their connection to the weather. This allowed them to forecast weather in the near future with surprisingly accurate results.

Different cultures would forecast the weather differently. The Babylonians, Indians & the Chinese each had their own approach to reading and forecasting the weather.

Not until 1400-1900 AD, were weather instruments first invented. Finally measuring units and equipment for forecasting the weather were standardised, which in turn, kickstarted meteorology into its own field in science.

Weather stations and Weather Prediction in the current era

Thanks to the current age and all the advancements that have been made, not only in technology but also in meteorology, anyone can benefit from weather forecasting and prediction almost anywhere.

It has never been easier to set up and use a weather station, giving ultra-accurate results in near real-time.

Thanks to innovation and consumer demand, complexity in measuring recording and predicting the weather is a thing of the past (pun intended).

Ontoto’s weather stations come as a solar-powered, all-in-one self-contained unit, using backup batteries for when the sun is gone for weeks on end. Providing you with insights and metrics via 4G mobile network, every 10 minutes.

>Our weather station systems give ultra-high accuracy results, for a number of metrics such as:

  • Solar Radiation
  • Precipitation
  • Vapor Pressure
  • Relative Humidity
  • Air Temperature
  • Air Pressure
  • Wind Speed
  • Wind Gust
  • Wind Direction
  • Noise
  • Lightning Strikes
  • Lightning Strike Distance
  • Average mass Particulate matter PM 2.5 – PM 10
  • Maximum mass Particulate matter PM 2.5 – PM 10

Setting Up Your Weather Station

Setting up an Ontoto Weather Station is easy. First, you must choose an appropriate site for the weather station. Then, once the weather station is installed, you can configure and start the weather station via the Ontoto Connect Application for iOS and Android.

Once the setup is complete, the weather station will record up to 300 samples and transmit an average value every 10 minutes via 3G/4G/LTE mobile networks. This data can then be accessed, analyzed, visualized & even exported for use in other software.

What About Accuracy and Resolution in Weather Stations?

Resolution and accuracy are both terms you will come across when looking for the right weather station. The resolution is the smallest value, or how detailed the recording is made by the weather station. Whereas the accuracy will be a factor of how close the measurement is to the actual value of the parameter you’re trying to measure is.

As an example, one of Ontoto’s weather stations can provide an Air temperature reading with a resolution of 0.1 °C, with an accuracy of ±0.6 °C. 

This means that the data collected is quite detailed, going into one decimal point of detail on the temperature, whereas it’s accuracy can deviate 0.6°C either way.

What To Look For When Buying A Weather Station

There are many variables that come into consideration when buying a weather station. It’s all dependent on your needs for cost, accuracy, resolution, parameters to collect, and getting and using the data that’s collected.

Many weather stations marketed today, rely upon and are heavily focused on collecting the data locally and displaying that in real-time. This is usually through a wired, or wireless local interface between the weather station and a display or data logger.

In contrast, more niche and innovative weather station solutions will use mobile networks and other remote telemetry technologies to provide reliability and autonomy for more accurate and seamless weather prediction and analysis.

Ultimately, it depends on your needs from a weather station, in terms of parameters to record, accuracy, resolution, and how that data is transmitted.